Near State Guest House
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The gap between scientific know-how and field level do-how has been widening in the recent years. This knowledge deficit needs to be overcome speedily to enhance farm productivity and profitability. It is well recognized that farmers are changing over the years, both as individuals, as well as their contact with the outside world and their information seeking habits. Today they require extension services unlike two decades ago. As the agricultural sector will be gradually segregating into two different segments- commercial and subsistence-the extension system will have to adopt a bimodal approach in its working. Extension machinery needs to be strengthened through retraining and retooling of existing extension personnel. The extension system has to undergo a change in its outlook. ‘Talking Type’, of extension will be replaced by ‘Doing Type’. Reaching the contact farmers and delivering the messages by ‘Doing Type’ of extension will be emphasized.
Agriculture Technology Management Agencies (ATMAs) are operating in all the thirty districts of the State. They are the knowledge centres for the farmers that provide information on inputs, farm practices and market intelligence. However, the functioning of ATMAs need to be improved substantially. ATMAs will be properly equipped, both in terms of training and manpower.
Agriculture graduates will be motivated to undertake Agricultural Consultancy Services. Such Agricultural Consultants will act as catalysts in bringing the desired changes in cropping system, introduction of new technologies, providing market information and other required support to enhance the income of farmers. These consultants will be trained in the Agriculture University and provided a package of technology that is locally acceptable.
Odisha is bestowed with variety of agro-climatic conditions favourable for the development of horticultural crops. Horticulture provides excellent opportunity to raise the income of farmers even in dry tracks. Since income derived from horticulture per hectare of land is generally higher than in cereals and pulses, the State will exploit the field potential for expanding the area under horticulture. The area under horticulture can be doubled with appropriate promotional policies and cropping patterns. Importance of dry land horticulture as a supplementary source of income to the farms will be promoted.
Odisha’s soil and climatic conditions are suitable for successful cultivation of flowers like rose, tuberose, marigold and gladiolus. Demand for flowers is also growing rapidly in the State. Though floriculture in the State is in infant stage, an increasing trend in cultivation of flowers is marked. Though there is a huge potential of floriculture in the state, farmers are reluctant to take up floriculture, mainly due to marketing problems. Information about prices and floriculture technology is also not readily available to small producers.
Growers Co-operative will be encouraged and wholesale markets exclusively for flowers will be developed. Contract farming of flowers will be encouraged with suitable forward linkage. Suitable financial incentive will be provided not only for cultivation of flowers but also for post harvest management including marketing.
One of the most important commercial crops grown in the State is cashew-nut. Odisha is the third largest producer of cashew-nut after Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Presently, the area under cashew-nut is 1,26,000 ha, with production of approx. 78,000 M.T. Though the average productivity in the State is higher than the national average, there is ample scope to further increase the productivity. Plantations over approx. 40% of the area are old, senile and uneconomic and variety is also traditional. A special programme will be launched for replacement of the old, senile and uneconomical plantations with clones of High Yield variety in a time bound manner. Cashew processing in the State will be given priority.
Odisha is 5th largest producer of coconut after four southern States. However, the productivity in the State is much below the national average. Main reason of low productivity is existence of large number of old and senile plants in the State. A definite, time –bound programme will be taken up for replacement of old & senile plants with new high yield variety plants.
Near State Guest House
For Technical Support
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